publishing preprints prior to publication in a journal. Ethical journals should be favoured who have open science policies.
Science must be conducted for the public good. As scientists it is our responsibility to highlight and promote ethical research practice. This means conducting research in a way that is collegial and kind (e.g. to research participants) as well as adhering to the highest standards of confidentially and security in handling participant data. But ethical practice also means conducting research with rigour and transparency. It is important to recognise that some incentives in academia have the potential to promote unethical behaviour (for example, selective reporting of results to enable publication in more prestigious, high impact-factor journals, for purposes of career progression). I therefore advocate putting systems in place that reward ethical and rigorous research practices. I have signed the Declaration on Research Assessment (DORA), which proposes that the content and quality of research outputs are more important than the venue they are published in.
Ethical collaboration (and support of junior colleagues and students) means paying attention to the whole person rather than just attending to their role in the project. A healthy research culture means avoiding overloaded working schedules and the lack of sense of control that fosters. It means providing time and support to junior staff to allow them to reflect on their own priorities, direction and career development needs beyond the immediate project. Importantly, there must be attention to work-life balance and not allowing the sacrificing of mental and physical health of researchers for the “greater good” of the project; aside from being unethical, it is also unsustainable. Good health promotes good research practice. Facilitating this requires acknowledgement and reflection on the impact of power structures on individuals across different stages of their career. It is important to enable a safe environment for honest communication of the impact of unethical actions/practices of those in power on more junior staff/students.